How To Teach Kids English Reading With Basic Blending and Division Rule

English Reading : Sound dividing strategies

When trying to read a new word in English which you are not familiar with, we try to divide the word in chunks considering the vowel sounds .

International /in/ /ter/ /na/ /tion/ /al/

These individual Chunk sounds make reading any new word little easy as little chunks are easy to remember in our short memory to later blend them.

Strong – /str/ /ong/

But do you know you cannot just divide the sounds in the word randomly. Though syllable knowledge helps to greater extent in dividing the sounds in a word (to read) , most of us are not fully aware of it.  And that is completely fine.  Even today I struggle to use those syllable division rules.

When dividing the word sound in to pieces with/without syllable knowledge just based on vowel sounds you should follow some rules

English Reading Tips splendid moms

Rule 1 # Blends

Always consider the blends like cl , fl, sp, tr etc as one sound. In the word flower do not take f , l as two sounds /f/ and /l/. /fl/ always stands as single sound.  Similar is the case with other blends.

clock – /c//l//o//ck/ This is wrong.

clock – /cl//o//ck/ treat cl as one sound.

Rule 2 # Digraphs

Remember the digraphs ch, th, sh, wh. Never split them in individual sound

Ship – /s//h/ /i//p/  This is wrong

It should be [sh] [i] [p]. Sh is one sound.

Rule 3 # Vowel Teams

When you see two vowels next to each other consider them as one single sound. Vowel pair can have

long and silent sound – ai, ay, ee, ea , ie, oa, oe,

short or special sound (vowel digraphs) – oo, ei, au, ea, aw

gliding sound (dipthongs) – oy, ow, ew, oi, ou

when reading the word Wheat – never divide it as /wh/ /e//a//t/ but divide it as /wh//ea//t/

Rule 4 # R – Controlled vowels

Any vowel with consonant r have different sound and we should always know how to sound them.

ar, er, ir, or, ur are r controlled vowels and r changes the sound of the vowel.  So never isolate sounds in  /ar/ to /a//r/ and same with other r controlled vowels.

Farm – /f/ /ar/ /m/

Term – /t/ /er/ /m/

Shirt – /sh/ /ir/ /t/

Torch – /t/ /or/ /ch/

Turn – /t/ /ur//n/

Rule 5 # Silent E  ( C + le)

Consonant + le is when you have a consonant followed by le in the word .

Eg : turtle

Always consider c+le as single sound

Turtle – /t/ /u/ /r/ /t/ /l/ /e/ this is not the correct way.

Consider dividing the ounds as /t/ /ur/ /tle/ so that you can read it eaily.

Rule 6 # glued sounds

Glued sounds or welded sounds are sounds that make slightly different sound when they are together.

Glued sounds are all ,am,an, ang , ank, ing , ong, ung, unk, ink, onk.

Bank – /b/ /a/ /n/ /k/ never do this.

Instead do /b/ /ank/.

You need not be an expert in syllables to read a word. Just remember these basic rules and apply them when dividing sounds in a word so that you can read it easily.

59 thoughts on “How To Teach Kids English Reading With Basic Blending and Division Rule”

  1. Shaheena Pachchigar

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