What is Syllable?
Count the number of sounds in hear in a word (do not count letters). Syllable is single unit of sound. A word may have one syllable , two or more. Cat is single sound unit word, tiger has two units of sound /ti/ /ger/. Every syllable has a vowel in it.
To count syllables, put your hand under your chin to count how many times your mouth opens when you say a word. For example for the word planet our mouth opens two times /pla/ /net/.
n general number of syllables in a word is equal to number of vowel sounds in the word. Remember its vowel sound not vowel.
There are 6 six syllable types.
- Closed Syllable
- Open Syllable
- Vowel Consonant e
- R Controlled Vowel
- Vowel Team
- Consonant- le
1. Closed Syllable
Syllable which has a short vowel and ends with consonant is closed syllable. Such as sat, hit , jam.
2. Open syllable
A syllable which ends with vowel and the vowel has long sound. For example Hi, Me,
3. Vowel Consonant e
This syllable type is also called as magic e syllable. This syllable ends with letter e and the vowel preceding e takes long sound.
4. R Controlled Vowel
This syllable have vowel followed by letter r such as ar er ir or ur. Here the vowel sound is controlled by r. Therefore we say r controlled vowel. For example /tri/ in Triangle, /pur/ in Purple.
5. Vowel Team
This syllable which has two vowels. For exmaple Heat, Book, Seed.
This syllable which has consonant le pattern in the end. For example /ple/ in Sample, /cle/ in Miracle.
To divide any word into smaller sound units called syllables we should learn syllable division rule.
Here the complete anchor chart showing syllable types.